Think Age Spots Are Permanent? Know How to Treat Them
Age spots which are also commonly called liver spots or brown spots are flat, brown or blackish spots on the skin. The size can vary, typically appearing on the face, shoulders, arms and hands which are areas of the skin that are most exposed to the sun. Age spots on face or other parts of the body become more common as a person gets older but it can also affect younger people who spend a lot of time under the sun.
The truth is that age spots can look alarming but it is actually harmless and doesn’t require any treatment. It is just a cosmetic problem but obviously most people who have it want to get rid of it or at least lighten the unsightly spots quickly. The good news is that this problem is not permanent and there are several treatment options. Let’s take a closer look at these treatments to find out the best option for you.
There are prescription creams that use hydroquinone or retinoid that can fade brown spots on face or other parts of the body. However, these should be used with a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF of at least 30 since the skin becomes more sensitive. There are many potential side effects such as itching, redness or mild pain in the area being treated. Close supervision by a skin care professional is important since improper use can cause adverse effects like worsening the problem.
2. Cryotherapy (Freezing)
Liquid nitrogen or some other freezing agent is used to destroy the extra pigment that causes the age spots. The area gradually heals, lightening the skin. This treatment option is commonly for single spots or if the problem only affects a small area of the skin. The treatment usually irritates the skin but there is also a risk of permanent discoloration or scarring.
3. Skin Brightening Products
There are skin brightening formulations being sold over-the-counter but you need to choose one carefully to make sure it is both effective and safe. This is currently the most popular option because it is cost-effective and there is a much lower risk of adverse effects. Make sure the product you purchase doesn’t contain harsh ingredients. One example is Solvaderm’s Juvabrite which uses the most effective skin lightening ingredients that are gentle.
4. Laser and Intense Pulsed Light Therapy
These are therapies that destroy melanocytes (the cells that produce melanin) without damaging the surface of the skin. This treatment can require several sessions so the cost can reach several or a few thousand dollars. It can also cause slight skin discoloration temporarily. Sun protection is also important after this treatment.
With this procedure, the surface layer of the skin is sanded down through planning with a rapid-rotating brush. The outer layer of the skin is removed and a new layer will grow in its place. It can cause temporary redness and the formation of a scab but the skin returns to normal in a few days or weeks.
Skin Brighteners aid in reducing post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation revealing even skin tone. Skin brighteners also can help revitalize tired and dull skin resulting in a youthful, healthy glow.
Below you'll find some of the most effective skin brightening products on the market today, in our opinion.