Many people get confused when they hear about exfoliating the skin. Exfoliating is simply defined as removal of dead skin cells on the outermost surface of the skin. What most people don’t know is the fact that the skin renews itself continuously. New skin cells replace old skin cells as the old ones die. When exfoliation is done correctly, the skin becomes smoother and more radiant. It also allows facial products to penetrate the skin better for enhanced effects.
There are two forms of skin exfoliation. The first one is mechanical exfoliation. This is when the old skin cells are physically removed with the use of an abrasive. Some of the popular examples of this form are body scrubbing, salt glow or skin brushing. The second form is chemical exfoliation. This is when enzymes or acids are used to remove the dead skin cells. Facial and body peels are the most common examples of this form of exfoliation.
Benefits of Exfoliating
Right after exfoliating, the skin will be radiant and feel soft and smooth. This is because the layers of dead skin cells that have accumulated have been removed. The dead skin cells are often responsible for clogged pores that lead to whiteheads, blackheads and acne. Along with the dead skin cells, excess dirt and oil is also removed.
This is why exfoliating is associated with the prevention of acne breakouts. The appearance of fine lines can also be minimized or prevented when the first layer of the skin is removed. In the long term point of view, exfoliating can help prevent premature signs of skin aging. Having clean skin will result to younger looking and healthier skin which keeps aging at bay.
It is important to determine your particular skin type. This will define how often exfoliation should be done on the face. For people with dry skin, it should not be done very often as it can cause irritation. Once or twice a week is ideal. It is also advisable for people with dry skin to use a gentle skin exfoliator.
For people with oily skin, exfoliating once a day is ideal. This will prevent oil build up reduce acne breakouts. For people with combination or normal skin, two to three times a week is ideal.
One final note, it is important to choose the right exfoliator. One particular product will not be compatible to all people. It is important to look for what works best for you. Also, remember to test the exfoliator first on a small area in order to test for adverse reactions.