Endometrial Hyperplasia Symptoms in Premenopausal Women
Most women are well aware of the more common symptoms that accompany menopause. Issues like mood swings, irritability, and hot flashes are all well-known and understood. However, there are other problems that are less common but far more dangerous which may occur during menopause. Among these, premenopausal endometrial hyperplasia is one that could exist and that is very dangerous. Caught early, it’s usually easy to treat. With that in mind, a closer look is well worth taking.
Basically, endometrial hyperplasia occurs when the lining of the uterus thickens abnormally. This thickening is often not a big deal and may not even be noticed by most women – but it can lead to uterine cancer in some cases. Usually this is fairly easy to spot with a microscopic examination. Usually, however, endometrial hyperplasia is generally benign but will remain a major risk factor for cancer and as a result most physicians will either monitor or treat it immediately.
The primary cause of endometrial hyperplasia is usually related to an increase in the production of estrogen in the body. This is often an issue just before menopause, when hormone production begins to change sporadically in different ways. It may also occur when estrogen replacement therapy is being used to combat the effects of menopause. In short, a hormonal imbalance is responsible for the issue and since menopause triggers large hormonal irregularities, this issue is a potential problem for premenopausal, menopausal, and even post-menopausal women.
Pap smears usually detect the presence of endometrial hyperplasia, and a biopsy will usually confirm the diagnosis. Once identified, treatment is fairly simple. In many cases simple removal of excess uterine tissue is enough to solve the problem. In other cases oral contraceptives or progestational agents like Depo-Provera are utilized. In severe cases and in particular in women who are past menopause a hysterectomy may be needed. Among premenopausal women, the preferred option is usually simple.
Basically, endometrial hyperplasia is something that won’t be a major problem for women to deal with. But in some instances it may lead to cancer, and as a result it is still considered a serious health risk and something that needs to be managed early on and monitored for regularly. The majority of cases will not progress further, but the dangers of cancer are simply too great to be avoided or ignored.
Menopause is a major event in a woman’s life, and there’s no doubt that as it approaches a number of different issues may arise that will challenge a woman’s health. Endometrial hyperplasia isn’t as common as other issues, but should still be remembered due to its dangers.