5 Unknown Facts Everyone Should Know About Skin Discoloration

Want to know 5 major facts about skin discoloration?

Last Updated: May 9, 2019

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There is a wide variety of skin issues. Among the most problematic is skin discoloration, which becomes even more disturbing when the patches are severely different from your natural skin tone. If this is your skin issue, take the time to read these five facts about skin discoloration before you start seeking treatments and remedies:

Fact No. 1: There Are Several Causes Of Skin Discoloration

Causes Of Skin Discoloration

The most prevalent one being sun damage. Other causes include age, taking certain medications including birth control pills and antibiotics, hormonal changes most especially during pregnancy and menopause, and skin injuries.

There are generally two types of skin discoloration: Hyper-pigmentation, or the darkening of the skin, and hypo-pigmentation, the reduction in melanin content of the skin causing skin to become lighter than the natural skin tone. Each may involve the epidermis only or a part of the dermis. Both conditions can be treated depending on the underlying causes.

I’m a Big Believer In That If You Focus On Good Skincare, You Really Won’t Need a Lot Of Make-Up

Fact No. 2: Skin Discoloration Among Darker Skinned Individuals Are Harder To Treat
Typically, those who have darker skin tones are advised to be extra careful when using bleaching and whitening products. That’s because when their melanocytes become damaged, their natural skin pigment is lost. Lighter skinned individuals having skin discoloration problems are generally easier to treat.Therapies often include spot correcting creams.

Related: Skincare Routine For Healthy Skin – Its Easy If You Do It Smart
Fact No. 3: There Are Several Levels For Treating Skin Discoloration

Treating Skin Discoloration

As the condition is most frequently brought about by excessive sun exposure, the first course of treatment is to protect the skin from further sun damage.

As a first line of treatment, people suffering from hyperpigmentation[1] are prescribed a cream that contain retinol or hydroquinone (in US and where it isn’t already banned). These creams work by blocking the production of melanin, thereby lightening the skin tone. In the case of hypopigmentation, skin is treated accordingly with the causes of skin discoloration. For instance, those with fungal causes are prescribed an antifungal cream.

Fact No. 4: A Number Of Clinic-Based Treatments Are Available To Treat Skin Discoloration
Depending on the advice of a skincare specialist, often considering the depth and area of damage on the skin, hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation may be treated with chemical peels, microdermabrasion[2], Intensed Pulsed Light laser treatment, and fractionated laser therapies[3].

Fact No. 5: Skin Discoloration May Also Be Caused Be a Symptom Of or Result From More Serious Diseases

Symptom Of or Result From More Serious Diseases

Addison disease and other endocrine diseases, hemochromatosis, and lupus may all result to skin discoloration. At times, skin diseases such as vitiligo or genetic disorders such as albinism, can also cause abnormalities in skin pigmentation.

Related: Facial Masks To Brighten Dull Skin


“I’m a big believer in that if you focus on good skincare, you really won’t need a lot of make-up,” Demi Moore said. Take the first step to prevent skin discoloration in the first place by never leaving the shade without sunscreen. If skin discoloration is bothering you so much then take the next step to improve your skin condition right now.

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