Pescetarian Diet: Your Complete Meal Plan and Supplement Guide
Most of us who are thinking of what are good weight loss foods probably assume that only vegetarianism is the way to go. However, there are actually many different types of diets that can be beneficial to you. Each diet has its own scope and restrictions as well as accompanying nutritional and caloric values. The key to finding the best diet for you is to know what you need and what you don’t.
If you can’t really let go of animal-based proteins to fully embrace a vegan lifestyle but want to be more mindful of what you eat, try a pescetarian diet plan! It only involves small modifications or additions to a vegan diet but can still provide many health benefits. To know more about the different diets, you can try and the pescatarian lifestyle, continue reading below!
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Different Types Of Diets And Their Benefits
There are multiple reasons why a balanced diet is important. It’s more than just getting all the nutrients your body needs but also to lose weight or feel better in your own skin and reduce your risk of getting chronic health problems. However, not everyone has the same definition and needs when it comes to balancing their diets. Therefore, the following most popular diets have been developed by experts to cater our different needs:
- Vegan Diet: Strict elimination of animal-based foods for health, ethical, and environmental reasons.
- Vegetarian Diet: Eating of plant-based and restriction of animal-based foods except dairy, eggs, and/or honey for reduced risks of diseases, weight loss, and prolonged life expectancy.
- Atkins Diet: Asking what is the best food to eat to lose belly fat? This diet suggests eating as much proteins and fats while avoiding carbohydrates! This also curbs your appetite for weight loss and lowers your blood sugar, blood pressure, triglycerides, cholesterol, and insulin.
- The Zone Diet: Eating the ideal nutritional balance of 30% protein, 40% carbs, and 30% fats per meal to control the body weight and blood sugar, and reduce the risks of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and systemic inflammation.
- Ketogenic Diet: What is ketosis diet plan? It is prioritizing healthy fat intake over proteins and carbs as a way to help treat epilepsy and induce weight loss.
- Mediterranean Diet: Acquiring the eating habits of Southern Europeans to lower the risk of diseases and improve the quality of life.
- Raw Food Diet: Eating only uncooked, completely plant-based, unprocessed, and preferably organic foods to ideally improve the benefits of veganism.
- Paleo Diet: Following the diet of humans during the Paleolithic era when people only used to eat things from hunting and gathering. It can lead to a significant reduction in weight and waist size.
- The Dukan Diet: This is a low-carb, high-protein diet for weight loss and increased metabolic rate.
- Pescetarian Diet: This diet involves eating seafood and fish but excludes other animal products especially meat, although some pescetarians also consume dairy and eggs. Continue reading to know more about this diet and its benefits!
What Is Pescetarian Diet Plan?
The term “pesce” stands for “fish” in Italian. So, people who follow this diet are those who add seafood and fish to an otherwise vegan or vegetarian diet. According to the American Heart Association, most pescetarians are vegetarians that only incorporate seafood a few times per week.
This kind of diet has already been around for thousands of years especially in Japanese populations and other Asian and Mediterranean countries who heavily relied on abundant aquatic food sources for dietary protein. If you’re wondering how do celebrities diet, pescetarianism is gaining popularity among them today.
Seafoods and fish are rich sources of healthy omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin D, B vitamins, and minerals like iodine, calcium, selenium, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium.
Why Go Pescetarian?
Some pescetarians avoid poultry and meat or follow this diet due to health reasons while others do so due to ethical reasons.
The Pescetarian Diet Meal Plan:
Depending on the reasons why you’re trying this diet, a meal plan can be easily devised and modified. While an unhealthy pescetarian diet can exist, most pescetarians make sure to eat fewer fats, cholesterol, and saturated fats. Examples of what to eat as a pescetarian are listed below. You can use these to cook or prepare quick, healthy meal recipes.
- Eggs or omelets.
- Fruit bowls or smoothies.
- Fresh fruits.
- Soy-based foods to replace sausage or bacon.
- Garden Salads with seeds or chickpeas.
- Tuna, sardines, or salmon.
- Sweet potatoes.
- Vegetarian Pasta.
- Broiled Fish like black cod or salmon.
- Fresh vegetable sides or salads.
- Bean soups.
- Shrimp Scampi.
- Salad greens like arugula, kale, or lettuce.
Pescetarian Eating Plan Snacks or Dessert:
- Red peppers.
- Fruits with yogurt or cheese.
What Is Pescatarian Food?
A well-balanced pescetarian diet consisting dairy and eggs will generally provide you with adequate protein and vitamins. Avoid some common dieting mistakes by increasing your iron consumption and including more beans, leafy greens, dried fruit, and soy products in your diet. If you will limit your fish and animal product consumption, opt for B-12 fortified foods such as soy milk and breakfast cereals.
What are the Health Benefits Of Pescetarian Diet?
Including fish and seafood in your diet has tons of health benefits. The most important and common reasons for people to embrace a pescetarian diet is to avoid health problems typically experienced by vegans or vegetarians which include:
- Protein or amino-acid deficiencies.
- Nutrient and vitamin deficiencies like B-vitamins deficiency.
- Imbalance of essential fatty acid ratios such as omega-6 to omega-3 ratios.
- Iron deficiency and/or anemia.
- Cravings and predisposition to consume more refined carbohydrates.
Additionally, fish and seafood provide the body with the following nutrients that are either present in minimal amounts or absent in plants:
- High Levels of Omega-3 fatty acids like eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and Alpha Linoleic Acid (ALA).
- Vitamin A.
- Heme Iron.
- B vitamins.
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Other benefits include:
1. It Provides High And Balanced Amounts Of Omega-3 fatty acids To Counterbalance Omega-6 Fatty Acids:
The consumption of farm-raised animal products and meats, plant foods, and vegetable oils or seeds increase the amount of omega 6-fatty acids in the body compared to omega-3s. This leads to an imbalance and heightened inflammation. Based on epidemiologic studies, omega-3 fatty acids are anti-inflammatory molecules also known to lower triglycerides levels in the blood, improve cardiovascular health, enhance reproductive health and fertility, lower the risk for diabetes, and increase hormone control.
2. It Helps Reduce Inflammation:
By rebalancing the body’s omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid ratios, the prevalence and severity of diseases due to inflammatory conditions like asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline, and even cancer are reduced.
3. It Reduces The Risk of Chronic Diseases:
This dietary pattern has been proven by studies that reported a lower mortality rate among pescetarians than non-vegetarians on top of reduced blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels and lower risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
4. It Improves Brain Health:
A long-term study conducted in the UK showed that the children of women who ate a minimum of 12 ounces of fish a week while pregnant had higher IQs and better communication, motor, and social skills than the kids of women who did not. Another study by Chicago’s Rush Institute found that 65 to 94-year-old Chicagoans who ate at least one fish meal in a week had 60% less chance of developing neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s than people who ate fish less often.
5. It Fights Depression and Improves Your Mood:
Omega-3s and other nutrients from fish and seafood associated with cognitive health also help reduce cognitive problems and impairments that can result in depression, anxiety, dementia, or ADHD. Pescetarian diets have been shown to naturally reduce the signs of depression, treat ADHD symptoms, and act as a remedy for anxiety.
6. It Aids In Weight Loss And Maintenance:
Last but not the least, many studies show the relationship between low omega-3 intakes and weight gain and obesity. Based on these studies, vegetarians and pescetarians tend to have lower and more stable BMIs, allowing them to have better control over their weight through the consumption of fewer calories and saturated fats.
A pescetarian diet plan can offer many health and weight loss benefits. It is also a very dynamic diet that can be easily modified or improved based on your health needs, ethical reasons, and/or personal preferences.